Perianal Abscess: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
A perianal abscess is a condition where an infection develops in the tissues surrounding the anus. It is very commonly seen in males rather than females. It is also known as a rectal or anal abscess.
Causes: Perianal Abscess: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
There are a few common causes for this condition. It can occur due to
- Poor or unhealthy hygiene practices.
- Blocked glands in the perianal area.
- Infected anal fissure
- Gastrointestinal issues such as constipation.
- Deficiencies in vitamins and nutrients.
- Problems with the intestines.
- Lack of regular physical activity.
- Engaging in anal sex or having certain infections can also contribute to developing a perianal abscess.
The person suffering from the perianal abscess may complain for the following symptoms-
- Pain around the anal region.
- Blood in stool.
- Swelling, redness, and tenderness around the rectum.
- Fever and chillness in the case of severe infection.
- Discharge of pus if the abscess breakout.
Treatment: Perianal Abscess: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
- For small and uncomplicated abscesses, local treatments are recommended. This involves warm water sits baths to promote drainage and the use of antibiotic medications to prevent or treat the infection.
- For larger or more complex abscesses, a minor surgical procedure might be necessary. This procedure involves making an incision to drain the abscess thoroughly. It helps remove infected material and reduces the risk of complications. After the procedure, it’s important to keep the area clean and dry, and your doctor may prescribe you some topical medications to aid in the healing process.
Prevention of future occurrences of perianal abscess:
To prevent future occurrences of perianal abscess you have to take care of certain things as below-
- Maintaining good hygiene is crucial.
- Keep the area clean and dry, and gently wash the perianal region after using the bathroom.
- It’s also essential to avoid prolonged sitting.
- Wear loose-fitting clothes.
- Maintain a healthy diet with adequate fiber and fluids to prevent constipation.