Are you ready? Today we are going to discuss about the “Role of Community Medicine in Homoeopathy”. Community medicine deals with the every aspects of a community. It is well said that healthy community makes a healthy nation. Now It is essential to know what is the Role of Community Medicine in Homoeopathy.
What is community medicine?
The term Community Medicine deals with the health issues of a community. It is synonymous with the term Preventive and Social Medicine. It emphasis on promotion of health and prevention of disease in a defined community. Community Medicine includes the environmental, biological, social and psychological issues of a community.
Role of Community Medicine in Homoeopathy
In Organon of Medicine, Dr. Hahnemann says:
§4 “He is likewise the preserver of health if he knows about the things that derange health, cause disease and how to remove them from persons in health”.
In this, he has explained that a physician should have a sound knowledge of the factors for eg. personal hygiene, nutrition, occupational hazards, diet and regime. This helps to give the proper advice along with the similimum medicine.
§5 Useful to the physician in assisting him to cure are the particulars of the most probable exciting cause of the acute disease, as also the most significant points in the whole history of the chronic disease , to enable him to discover the fundamental cause, which is generally due to a chronic miasm. In these investigations, the ascertainable physical constitution of the patient ( especially when the disease is chronic), his moral and intellectual character , his occupation, mode of living and habits, his social and domestic relation, his age, sexual function, & c., are to be taken into consideration.
To treat the patient proper knowledge of community medicine is necessary. The Role of Community Medicine in Homoeopathy is describe under following headings:
Primary Aspects :
Promotion of health :
The knowledge of community medicine intended to improve the general health and well- being of a community. It includes-
- Proper Nutrition.
- Individual and community hygiene.
- Lifestyle changes.
- Health education.
2. Specific immunization :
It refers to inducing immunity against any specific disease. It includes :
- Protection against fatal diseases.
- Avoidance of allergens.
- Intake of proper nutrients to avoid deficiency diseases.
In Homoeopathy, some medicines are used as prophylaxis eg. Belladonna in Scarlet fever, Diphtherinum in diphtheria. In epidemic condition, Genus epidemicus can be selected.
3. Protection against occupational hazards :
Occupational hazards are the injury or ailments experience in certain occupation. One should be aware of the harmful effects of his workplace. Example- silicosis in miners, pneumoconiosis in coal workers.
4. Current status of community :
Community medicine give a knowledge of current status of disease condition prevailing in country. It helps physician to select a similimum homoeopathic medicine. It keep the physician updated with the indicators of the health.
Secondary Aspects :
1. Diagnosis of disease :
In the condition of slight alteration and tissue changes there is need to make a proper diagnosis. Community medicine serve with the wide spread knowledge of the disease their causation and their preventive measures.
2. Treatment :
For the proper treatment of the disease a physician requires proper knowledge of the fundamental and exciting causes of the disease. Community medicine help the physician in early diagnosis and proper treatment to avoid complication. For the restoration of the health, the most similimum is given after proper case taking.
Tertiary Aspects :
1. Management of disease :
In case of disability, gross deformities and major tissue changes, there is needs to manage the case. By the knowledge of community medicine physician can manage the case in most appropriate manner.
2. Rehabilitation :
Rehabilitation means to restore to the original state. The knowledge of progress of the disease condition enable us to know various homoeopathic approaches.
Community medicine widens the knowledge of the physician and keeps him updated with the current status of the community as well as the prevailing disease condition in the community. Proper health education helps in restoration of health. Now we can say, there is a great “Role of Community Medicine in Homoeopathy”.
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