It is very necessary to know the NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENT DURING PREGNANCY.Pregnancy is calculated in trimesters from the first day of your last menstrual period to the completion of 40 weeks.
The first trimester is from 1 to 12 week, or about 3 months. The second trimester is 13 to 27 week. And the third trimester spans from week 28 to the birth of the foetus.
The first trimester is a period of major development for the foetus as it’s a period of organ formation of the baby and there are profound physical, psychological and emotional changes in the expecting women.
You don’t need extra calories until the third trimester but just manage the NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENT DURING PREGNANCY. In first trimester there are increased requirement for folic acid and vitamin D. Vitamin A requirement are slightly raised, which can be fulfill by adding dairy products to our meal.
Neural tube defects occur at a very early stage of development, so it is recommended that women should start taking folic acid before she start trying to conceive to reduce the neural tube defects in their baby.
The daily requirement of folic acid is 400 mcg per day. It may vary with the health status and previous history of expecting women.
The daily requirement of vitamin D ranges from 1500 to 2000 IU per day. The deficiency of vitamin D has been associated with increased rates of caesarean delivery, bacterial vaginosis, and preeclampsia, as well as less efficient glucose metabolism.
As in pregnancy, blood volume as well as RBCs formation increases that leads to the more consumption of iron. Thus, the iron requirement increased especially during the second and third trimester.
The daily requirement of iron is 27 milligrams (mg) per day. The iron absorption can be increased by adding vitamin C sources such as tomato, citrus fruits, lemon, orange juice etc. to the meal whereas tea and coffee prevent iron absorption so avoid them.
The iron deficiency leads to iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy which may lead to with preterm delivery, low birth weight, and infant mortality.
The recommend daily requirement of protein is 75-100 grams/day. The deficiency of protein can lead adverse effect on both mother and foetus. It may leads to improper growth of the muscle and bone.
The daily requirement of calcium is 1000 milligram/day. The deficiency of calcium may leads to low birth baby, preterm delivery, hypertensive condition of mother during pregnancy and increases the risk of osteoporosis after delivery in early age.
So this is all about “NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENT DURING PREGNANCY”. I hope you will like it. Eat healthy and stay healthy.
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